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Saturday, July 11, 2009
Democratization: 10 KPIs for Najib’s next 100 daysIntroduction
July 11th marks the first 100 days of Najib’s premiership. Will his 100-day performance serve as an indicator for how our country is likely to be governed for the next four years, or was it all a big public relations exercise? The next 100 days is just as critical and we, civil society organisations (CSOs), want to throw the gauntlet down to Najib to extend his program of reform to all aspects of life in the country, especially in the critical sphere of good governance.
First of all, we laud the various measures of economic reform announced lately by the Government. While these bold measures will help liberalize our economy to meet the challenge of globalization, the structural roots of economic stagnation – namely, ethno-nationalism, cronyism, corruption and power abuse – are the major constraints and must be addressed if the country is to make any headway. At the same time, other economic reforms to close the income and wealth gap between the rich and the poor, and reforms aimed at ensuring environmental sustainability that do not deprive future generations also need urgent attention.
Most important of all is the need for reforms that can ensure good governance. If the government insists on maintaining the current authoritarian system of political control, the economic liberalization and other reforms will be seen for what it is - a thinly veiled attempt aimed at ensuring that the present political elite stays in power.
For the next 100 days of Najib’s leadership of the country, we call on the Prime Minister to meet the following 10 Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) that can deepen the process of democratization. We also call upon Tan Sri Dr Koh Tsu Koon, the Minister in the Prime Minister's Department, and all Malaysians who are concerned with the establishment of a vibrant democratic system, to join us in endorsing and monitoring the attainment of these KPIs.
10 Key KPIs for the Next 100 Days
1 Perak Constitutional Crisis
Assessment – deepening crisis which threatens the future of our democratic way of life
Explanation – A host of unelected institutions – palace, judiciary, Attorney General's Chambers, Elections Commission, police, bureaucracy, Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission – have been dragged into this unconstitutional regime change. If this precedent is not reversed, what would happen during future elections if neither BN nor Pakatan Rakyat enjoys a comfortable majority?
KPI: Fresh elections for the State of Perak.
2 Electoral System and Process
Assessment – still neither free nor fair
Explanation – Elections lacking integrity and credibility are a denial of our citizens’ democratic right. They also reduce the competitiveness of electoral politics and also deprive the winner of legitimacy. If unreformed, they could lead to political upheavals as has taken place in Iran and Thailand, recently
KPI: A Royal Commission on Electoral Reform before the next Constituency Redelineation exercise.
3 The Judiciary and the Prosecution
Assessment – still controlled by the executive
Explanation – The Judicial Appointment Commission is controlled by the Prime Minister, making the recent reform a farce. Judicial Power in the pre-1998 Article 121(1) of the Federal Constitution has still not been restored. The Attorney General (AG) both controls the prosecution and advises the federal government, resulting in a fatal conflict of interest. The AG also controls both deputy public prosecutors and lower court judges.
KPI: A Parliamentary Select Committee on Judiciary and Prosecution Reform
4 The Parliament
Assessment – still controlled by the executive
Explanation – There is no sharing of legislative leadership at both the house and committee levels. Opposition parliamentarians are thrown out almost on daily basis. There is no provision for the role of Opposition’s Shadow Cabinet.
KPI: A Royal Commission on Parliamentary Reform
5 Internal Security Act (ISA)
Assessment – terrorizing innocent Malaysians who differ in their political opinions from the BN
Explanation – Allowing detention without trial and other violations of human rights is unacceptable to any civilized society.
KPI: The repeal of ISA, with no new laws allowing detention without trial
6 The Police
Assessment – still violating human rights
Explanation – The police still arrest innocent citizens without clear justification. Detainees continue to die in police custody due to unacceptable reasons. At the same time, crime rates have soared higher.
KPI: Implement the Independent Police Complaints and Misconduct Commission (IPCMC)
7 The Media
Assessment – still suffering from political control
Explanation – The media remains tightly controlled via laws and regulations curbing free speech and restricting dissenting views. Secondly, entry barrier in the print and broadcast media has resulted in monopolistic control by BN interests. There is no independent public service media like the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC).
KPI: A Parliamentary Select Committee on Media Law Reform
8 Freedom of Information (FOI)
Assessment – still denied
Explanation – Information vital for public interests is normally classified under the Official Secrets Act (OSA). This has hindered transparency and accountability and also resulted in widespread opportunities for corruption and mismanagement. While Selangor is initiating its own FOI law, nothing is happening at the federal level or other state.
KPI: FOI laws at both the Federal and State levels
9 Local Governments
Assessment – still unelected and unaccountable, largely unresponsive and incompetent
Explanation – No representation without taxation. Local governments should not be the appointed hand maidens of the government in power and must be elected to have any political legitimacy.
KPI: Local Government Elections nationwide.
10 The Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission (MACC)
Assessment – practicing selective investigations, still impotent in fight against corruption
Explanation – Like its predecessor the Anti-Corruption Agency (ACA), MACC is still controlled by the Executive and has no independent power to prosecute. Hence, it remains the tool of the Executive to eliminate political opponents rather than is an independent institution that is truly combating corruption.
KPI: Amendment of the MACC Act to increase MACC’s autonomy under optimum parliamentary oversight.
Thomas Jefferson, a founding father of the United States, divided leaders into two types: those who do not trust the people and believe they know best; and those who believe that the people are the government’s best guide to pubic interest.
Najib should recognize that political and economic freedoms go hand-in-hand. Economic reform willl not work if there is a coercive political environment built on the suppression and denial of the citizens’ democratic rights.
We hope that Najib will implement the proposed KPIs above and in this way leave the right legacy for the country. Only through his commitment to a genuine and holistic reform programme that includes democratisation will our PM be able to earn the full respect and support of the people and leave his mark on Malaysian history
Liau Kok Fah,
Chairperson,Civil Right Committee , Kuala Lumpur and Selangor Chinese Assembly Hall (CRC-KLSCAH)
Gayathry Venkiteswaran, Executive Director, Centre for Independent Journalism (CIJ)
Dr Lim Teck Ghee, Executive Director, Centre for Policy Initiatives (CPI)
Andrew Khoo, Convener, Civil Society Initiative for Parliamentary Reform (CSI@Parliament)
K, Arumugam, Coordinator, Group of Concerned Citizens (GCC)
Maria Chin Abdullah, Executive Director, Pusat Janadaya (Empower)
Zaid Kamaruddin, President, Jamaah Islah Malaysia (JIM)
Haris Ibrahim, Convener, People’s Parliament
Tah Moon Hui, Coordinator, Suara Rakyat Malaysia (Suaram)
Wong Chin Huat, Chairperson, Writer Alliance for Media Independence (WAMI)